The goal of young stand management: a diverse and sustainable forest
In young stand management, diversity is a constant consideration from early cleaning onward, as the choices made have lasting impacts on the forest. For example, if all the broadleaved trees are removed during young stand management, it will be difficult to incorporate them into the forest later.
The aim in young stand management is to grow a mixed forest, which improves biodiversity and sustainability in a changing climate. During early cleaning, silver birch that are grown from seed and are no taller than the surrounding conifers are preserved. Other broadleaved trees are also left in large open spots. The number of broadleaved tree species is the same before and after young stand management.
The final choices concerning the trees to be grown during the forest cycle are made during pre-commercial thinning. If the goal is to grow a coniferous forest, a mix of broadleaved trees accounting for approximately 10 per cent is left in place. This increases biodiversity and adds variety to the landscape.
If undergrowth is not a problem for tree growth, it does not need to be completely removed. This also avoids unnecessary work. Young stand management also involves the establishment of new protective thickets or the preservation of old ones, which are excluded from forestry at all stages of forest management. Protective thickets provide protection and nutrition for birds and mammals.